Melon are the fruit specially known for their high water content and muskmelon no exception. This is one of the many fruits which you must consume in hot days and peculiarly in summer days. Muskmelon is one of the those fruits which help you overcome dehydration thanks to his excellent water retention capability.
Its take some effort to grow the muskmelon. The work payoff with a delicious harvest. If you had success it will be easy enough for you to grow muskmelon. Climate and soil are the main good example of Muskmelon husbandry.
CLIMATE & SOIL
Muskmelon plant flourish well under warm climate and cannot tolerate frost. The optimum temperature for germination of the seed is 27 degree Celsius - 30 degree Celsius with increase in temperature. Dry weather with clear sunshine during ripening ensure a high sugar content, better flavors and a high percentage a marketable fruits. High humidity increase the incidence of diseases, particularly those effecting foliage. Cool nights and warm days are ideal for accumulation of sugar in the fruits. Lighter soil which warm up quickly in spring are usually utilized for early yield and in heavier soils the vine growth will be more and fruit maturity will be delayed.
Its vines are vigorous and dark green. The fruit is round, yellow, sutured and netted flesh is thick, orange colored, juicy and having excellent flavor with 12 percent TSS. Average fruit weight is 800g. The yield is about 65q/acre.
Melon is delicious fruit packed with nutrition. The term 'melon' diverse in many different plants belong to the family cucubitaceae. This fruit contains vitamin A, B6 and C, potassium and their high water contain. In order to give farmers more benefit the Punjab Agricultural university developed a better variety of Muskmelon which is known as Hara Madhu. Here are some well known varieties in India.
This variety has medium vine growth. The fruit weighs about 700-800g and is globular round with its rind intensely netted and light brown. It has thick orange flesh and is medium in juiciness.
This verity is somewhat late in maturity. The fruit is large round and slightly tapering towards the stalk end. It is very sweet. Its skin is light yellow with green sutures.
Pusa Rasraj and Durgpur madhu, Punjab sanker and M.H 10 are also developed by the Punjab Agriculutral University which are famous in India for their high yield.
The February is best snowing time. However, if the crop is raised by providing a suitable mulch or any other type of cover during winter, premium of early market can be captured. early planting under cover would save crop from attack of red pumpkin beetle also.
only 400g seeds are sufficient for one acre if careful planting on hill by dibbing.
METHOD OF SOWING
In this method pits of 60*60*45 cm are dug at a distance of 1.5 to 2.5m. Each pit filled with mixture of soil. and 4 to 5kg of FYM is compost, 30 to 40cm. After filling the pit circular basin are made and 5 to 6 seeds are grown per basin 2 to 3m. Deep and covered with fine soil, FYM and compost.
MANURES AND FERTILIZERS
Apply 30-50 cart loads FYM at the time of soil preparation 80kg N, 40kg P, and K is recommend by PKV Akola, 1/2 dose N, Full dose of P and K should be applied at the time of snowing. Remaining half nitrogen applied one months after transplanting.
During summer, irrigation the crop every week. At the time of fruit maturity water should be given when it is absolutely necessary. In no case water should be allowed to come in the contact with fruits. Depending upon soil type and whether conditions, irrigation the field 9-11 times.
The fruits of Hara madhu should be harvested when its turns yellow. Other varieties should be picked at mature green stage for distant marketing and at 'half slip' stage for local market.
Land should be free volunteer plants of the same crop or other crossable species. A seed crop field must be isolated all around to a minimum distance of 1000m to 500m for foundation and certified seed.