Wheat is a type of grass grown all over the world and is known for its highly nutrients and useful grain. It is one of the top most produced crop in the world, along with crops and rice. Today, Wheat is a grass that grows between 2 and 4 feet tall. The physical appearance of the grain is familiar to most consumers, with a long stalk that terminates in a tightly formed cluster of plump kernels enclosed by a beard of bristly spikes. The plant is an annual, which means that at the end of each year, fields must be plowed and prepared again to grow the grass.
The main question arise is that why in 2018 the wheat production is low? In UP and Haryana farmer's are not able to produce wheat as compared to last years. Wheat output is likely to come down marginally in northern states mainly in Uttar Pradesh as scanty rains, higher than normal temperature and recent wind took to check crop yield this Rabi season. In the last few days, the light rain and strong wind, has also affected standing wheat crop in some parts of UP, Haryana and Punjab.
India does not have policies that allows the country to use wheat efficiently. It does not even have place to store. There is also no surety that wheat production will be equally robust in the coming year. Punjab has already procured over 91 lakh metric tones (LMT) of wheat and is expected to cross last year's total production of 110 LMT and reach 115 LMT mark. Officials said that over 50 LMT of wheat in Punjab would have to be stored unscientifically due to lack of storage space but according to sources, the figure could go up to 80 LMT as the milling of rice was also on in the state.
Haryana has a storage capacity of 84 LMT of grain but 64 LMT of wheat and rice is already lying in the state godowns.
The state is expecting arrival of 75 LMT of wheat this year, 6 tones more than the last year, but will be able to store only 20 LMT and the rest of over 50 LMT is already being kept on the roads and fields.